Not all EMTs are created equal. To the outside world, it probably seems that anyone in the front of an ambulance is a paramedic. But that is not the case. There are actually three different types of emergency medical technicians, only the highest of which is a paramedic. These different certifications give their holders different rights to do different jobs, or, in EMS terms, “a different scope of practice”.
There are three levels of EMT certification:
- EMT Basic Certification
- EMT intermediate Certification
- Paramedic Certification
Below is a review of all three types of EMT certifications, the requirements to obtain the certification, as well as the job duties and career opportunities of each certification level.
EMT – Basic Certification
EMT-Basic certification, also known as EMT-B certification, is the entry-level EMT certification. Basic certification courses train students in basic EMT skills. Most basic certification courses are two-part: a skills course and a lab course.
The basic skills course teaches you how to assess patients and provide basic care for common conditions.
The basic lab portion of the certification course is where students practice these skills. At a minimum, EMT-Bs have accumulated about 110 hours of training.
The job duties of an EMT-B include providing basic life support functions and performing non-invasive procedures.
Beware: where you receive your EMT-Basic certification will determine your knowledge and skill-level as an EMT-B. It may also impact your opportunities to move further in your career. For example, some programs make no mention of IVs in their EMT Basic training because it isn’t a requirement. But in the real world, EMT-Bs will be faced with patient transport involving IVs. That’s why Unitek’s EMT-B program teaches IV maintenance, enabling our grads to take care of patients with IVs.
EMT-B training that includes more advanced skills may be harder, but it is worth it. When you are out in the field, there is absolutely no worse feeling that being unprepared. Put in the work at the beginning, and you (and your patients) will be glad you did.
Click here to learn more on how to become an EMT.
EMT – Intermediate Certification
EMT-Intermediate certification, also known as EMT-I, is the next step in EMT certification. Intermediate certification courses train students in more complicated procedures. In most states, EMT-Basic certification must be obtained before enrolling in an EMT-Intermediate course, because it builds on the foundational skills learned in the EMT-basic course.
EMT-Is have accumulated 200-400 hours of training, and are thus cleared to perform more advanced duties. EMT-Intermediate certificate holders can insert IVs, intubate patients, and in some states, administer drugs.
EMT – Paramedic Certification
EMT-Paramedic certification is the highest level of EMT certification. To begin an EMT-Paramedic course, students are often required to obtain both EMT-Basic and EMT-Intermediate certifications. Paramedics complete about two years of training. EMT-Paramedic certification courses focus on the more advanced practice of medicine, like pharmacology, cardiology, and anatomy.
To graduate from paramedic school, students must complete an internship working in a hospital or ambulance. Paramedics have the largest range of job duties: including, but not limited to, all duties of lower-level EMTs, reading labs, EKGs, and X-rays, and manual defibrillation.
Click here to learn more on how to become a paramedic.
EMT Continuing education
At every level of certification, EMTs must attend and complete additional training courses to keep their knowledge up-to-date and learn new technologies and methods. Keeping an EMT license requires that EMTs keep current with their training. Depending on the state where you’re EMT certified, licenses must be renewed every two to three years.
License renewal isn’t the only reason for continuing education. The best EMTs use continuing education as a means to further develop their skills in order to become better and more effective at their jobs.
Unitek offers a short yet intensive 3-Day EMT Refresher Program that provides the 24 hours of continuing education required for EMT state recertification by NREMT guidelines. We also offer a BLS to ALS course as a 1 day workshop, which prepares EMTs to assist paramedics and hospital staff in a variety of ways, including 12-lead electrocardiograms, nebulized medication, IV and IO administration and monitoring, CPCP, endotracheal tube insertion, and more. EMTs who go above and beyond their basic job duties are invaluable – to their coworkers and their patients.
EMT Regulations Vary by state
It is best to obtain your EMT certification in the state in which you’d like to practice, or a state with stricter regulations than the state in which you’d like to practice. This is because regulations and requirements vary state-to-state. Some states require the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) exam to be passed for all three certification levels, while others only require it for EMT-P. California is one of the strictest states in terms of EMT certification requirements. In order to become a certified EMT-B in California, students must pass the NREMT and accumulate at least 120 hours of training.
Learn more about how to pass the NREMT certification exam.
About Unitek EMT
Unitek EMT is the premier EMT training provider in the United States. Our mission is simple: training the next wave of EMT professionals. We offer a variety of training options to fit your needs. Unitek EMT instructors are experienced leaders in their fields, and our ultra-real-world training scenarios are ideal for both new and seasoned students, with training the covers all major aspects of emergency medical services.